Kerala PSC Exam syllabus for Junior Instructor (Interior Decoration And Designing)
MODULE I: ELEMENTS OF INTERIOR DESIGN
Definition of interior design-Differentiate between interior design and interior
decoration, role of interior designer.
Elements of interior design –point – line- curved line and straight line –horizontal, vertical and diagonal – plane- base plane, wall plane, overhead
plane- Form- geometric and natural-shape – square, rectangle, triangle, circle-their role in visual perception.
Colour- Definition, Qualities- hue, value and intensity; Tint and shade;
Classification of colours on the colour wheel- primary, secondary and tertiary
colours; Warm and cool colours, light, dark and dull colours; Colour schemesRelated colour scheme- Monochromatic and analogous colour schemes;
Contrasting colour scheme- complementary, double complementary, split complementary; triad; Psychological effect of colours.
Texture- Definition, tactile and visual textures, explanation of rough and smooth textures- their role in visual perception.
MODULE II: LIGHTING IN INTERIORS
Light-Introduction of natural and artificial light – importance of artificial lighting- different types of artificial lighting-general, task and accent.
Different types of lighting arrangements – Direct lighting- Angular lightingDown lighting- Eyeball fitting-Track lighting -Shade lighting; Indirect lighting –cove lighting – valance lighting – cornice lighting.
Types of lamps – Incandescent, Tungsten halogen, Florescent, Mercury, Sodium vapour, LED.
Lighting for different spaces – living room, dining, bed, kids’ room, bathroom,
kitchen, study, corridor, stair, cafeteria, restaurant, entrance hall/lobby of hotel, etc.
MODULE III: PRINCIPLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN
Principles- Balance-symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial- Proportion –Scale – Harmony (unity)-Contrast-Rhythm-Emphasis.
Practical applications – role of form, colour, texture and light in creating balance, harmony, contrast, rhythm, etc.
Proportioning Systems- Golden section-Orders- Modulor-Ken-Anthropometric proportions.
MODULE IV: ARCHITECTURAL SPACE
Definition of space, interior space, exterior space, transitional space;
Characteristics of interior space-Quantity and Quality;
Space modulation- definition, structural alteration – removing or adding walls, ceiling, windows, doors; qualitative alteration – expanding and lessening space using colour, texture, pattern, mirror, furnishings.
Psychological effect of interior space-people’s response to specific spatial
factors like size, shape, color, illumination, windows, space organization and furnishings.
MODULE V: ENCLOSING AND TRANSITIONAL ELEMENTS
Enclosing elements: Wall, Ceiling, Floor- their functions, forms and role in visual perception.
Transition elements: Doors, windows, stairs and corridor.
Doors: Framed and paneled door, Glazed door, Flush door, Louvre door, Wire gauged door,
Revolving, Sliding (Aluminium), Swing door.
Windows: Casement window, Sliding window, Sash window, Louvre window, Bay window, Corner window, Dormer window, Gable window, Sky light window.
Stairs: Requirement and placement of good Staircase- Basic terminology of R.C.C. Stair – Types of stairs-Straight, Quarter turn, Half turn (Dog legged), Three quarter turn, Bifurcated, Open newel, Geometrical, Circular, Spiral.
MODULE VI: FURNITURE IN INTERIORS
Role of furniture in interior design-furniture styles-ancient EgyptMesopotamia-Greece-Etruscan -Rome-Byzantium- Mediaeval-RomanesqueGothic-quattrocento-cinquecento – Baroque -Settocento-NeoclassicalDirectoire-Rococo-empire-Art nouveau-Tudor(Elizabethan era)
Classification according to materials used, Functional classification.
Importance of anthropometric and ergonomics – ergonomic factors of furniture design-chair-table-work stations; Fitted furniture- its characteristics and application -design of work counters and work stations- Modular furniture.
Barrier free design -special needs for persons with disabilities in interior design.
MODULE-VII: MATERIALS FOR INTERIORS
Finishing materials- for walls, floor and ceiling – criteria of selection, functional and aesthetic criteria, method of application.
Finishing materials for walls – wood paneling, vinyl, stone, marble, plaster, cladding, paint, texturing, ceramic tiles, wall paper, plastic laminates.
Finishing materials for floors- Hard flooring – wood, stone, tile and resilient flooring; Soft flooring – carpets and rugs – carpet installation.
Finishing materials for ceiling- acoustic tiles, wood, plaster of Paris, thermocole.
Role of fabric in interiors – Fabrics for Wall, Floor, Ceiling, Furniture, Openings.
MODULE-VIII: CURTAINS, BLINDS AND INDOOR PLANTS
Curtains and drapes – function-terminology-materials- different types Grommet Curtains (Eyelet), Sheer Curtains, Rod Pocket Curtains, Tab Top Curtains, Pelmets and Valances, Window Scarf, Cafe Curtains, Pleated Drapes- Pinch Pleat Drapes, Goblet Pleat Drapes, Pencil Pleat Drapes, Cartridge Pleat Drapes, Tuxedo Pleat Drapes, Box Pleat Drapes.
Blinds – roller blinds, Roman blinds, pull-up (balloon) blinds, festoon or Austrian blinds, match stick or pinoleum blinds, bamboo blinds, venetian blinds, vertical louvre blinds.
Role of plants in interior landscaping- Functions of indoor plants, the ideal indoor plant, Ideal conditions for an indoor plant, Selection of plants for various interiors.
- Time Saver Standards for Interior design
- DK Ching – Interior Design Illustrated
- DK Ching – Form, Space and Order
- Ahmed A Kasu – Interior Design
- Rangwala – Building construction
- Google – gharpedia.com, interiordezine.com.